Wednesday, 29 January 2014

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Most Important Things You Should Know About Wikipedia

Things You Should Know About Wikipedia - If someone ask to you where is the largest encyclopedia in the world then I think your answer will be "Internet". Recently world's largest Encyclopedia called "Wikipedia" celebrated their 13th birthday on 15th January 2014. Wikipedia launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger On 15th January 2001. At the time of launch the website has 21 million articles. The website launched completely in five days.

Wikipedia is a Multilanguage, web-based, free-content encyclopedia project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation and based on an openly editable model. Wikipedia is the world’s most visited website on the internet. Every internet user always use this website to find the information about anything. In 2013 the Wikipedia get listed in top 10 most visited sites by eBiz and Alexa Rank. Readers can edit this website.

Perhaps this website will be opened by you several times, but many things would be ignorant. Do you know that every year on 15th January ‘Wikipedia Birthday’ is celebrated worldwide. Wikipedia's 13th anniversary this year, we are going to tell you some unique facts associated with this website.
Wikipedia name is consists of two words Wiki and Pedia. Wiki - means a shared site and Pedia - was taken from Encyclopedia.

Wikipedia logo by Anomie (Photo credit: dullhunk)


In the Wikipedia there are 285 registered languages are used. Yet these are the 5 most important.

1. English - 3,924,043 articles.
2. German - 1,394,015 articles.
3. French - 1,238,363 articles.
4. Dutch - 1,038,017 articles.
5. Italian - 910,922 articles.
According to Daily Infographic, In Wikipedia website sex article’s is mostly read by users. This article’s is read in every language except French and Spanish.

According to Alexa.com, Wikipedia is the 6th most popular website in the world.

More than 50 percent of Wikipedia users access the website via Google.

Wikipedia is an open source website. Any internet reader of this website can edit articles anytime. The website does not have any ranking system, which could explain what the article who can edit.

Richard Farmbrough, a 45 year old technology project manager living in England has record to edit Wikipedia articles. He has edit more than 750,000 article on Wikipedia since January 15, 2001.

Wikipedia’s special community members called Vikipeedians.

In addition to the Wikipedia for Encyclopedia below are also some popular websites -

* Britannica.com
* Encyclopedia.com
* Infoplease.com
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Thursday, 23 January 2014

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Bleeding Between Periods: How To React?

Metrorrhagia corresponds to the occurrence of bleeding outside the menstrual period. Sometimes they are associated with abnormally heavy periods: this is called menorrhagia. If your bleeding is scarce, it is spotting.

The amount of such bleeding is unpredictable, but their impact on daily life is often very difficult.

How to identify bleeding?
The bleeding can occur at any age, but often seem more disturbing at the age of menopause. When they appear, it is important that you note their appearance, the date, the color of blood (red, brown, blackish) and the existence of debris (blood clots...).

Before consulting your doctor, it is important to note some information that will be useful to determine if you suffer from bleeding:

* Save the date of your last period: this is very important information for your doctor.
* You may feel pain in the lower abdomen.
* Your breasts may give directions, they have grown or the "milk" flowing, write it down.
* Due to blood loss Anemia signs may be present: you are out of breath, pale or very tired.

Several possible causes for bleeding

If no cause is identified, it is probably functional metrorrhagia due to a hormone imbalance (more common in adolescents) or an abnormality of ovulation.
You can also be pregnant. Pregnancy is not always synonymous with the absence of rules. Indeed, bleeding may occur during a complicated pregnancy (egg unseated, ectopic pregnancy...), But also announce a miscarriage.

Uterus and uterine tubes. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Other causes are possible among them:

* Injury of the uterus (hyperplasia, endometriosis...);
* A fibroid polyp or uterine bleeding; Genital infection;
* Trauma (sexual intercourse...);
* Medications such as anticoagulants, a wrong dosage pill;
* A forgotten pill, some IUDs;
* Cancer of the uterus (most common in postmenopausal women).


If you are postmenopausal, your bleeding may also be due to hormone replacement therapy poorly measured or atrophy of the endometrium (tissue that covers the uterus) by estrogen deficiency.

What tests should I do in case of bleeding?

After a detailed gynecological examination (vaginal, placing a speculum...), your doctor or gynecologist may need to prescribe additional tests.

You can then do a blood test and be required to have an ultrasound. Sometimes other more specific tests you will be offered:
* Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, that is to say, an examination of the cervix or uterus itself via an optical apparatus, are sometimes performed. Withdrawals can be made in some cases.

* Sometimes, you must undergo a hysterography (radiography accompanied by an injection of contrast medium into the uterus) or laparoscopy (examination of the interior of the abdomen by means of optical devices).

What treatments for bleeding what?

Treatment obviously varies depending on the cause. Whatever it is, the doctor or gynecologist will prescribe iron for a few weeks or months to treat anemia often associated with such bleeding.

If your bleeding is functional, that is to say, due to a hormonal imbalance, you may be required to take antifibrinolytics, progestin (progesterone derivatives) orally or through a specific IUD containing a derivative progesterone, anti-inflammatory and in some cases of estrogen. If you are on hormone replacement therapy for menopause, it will be well-balanced.

If the IUD is in question, it may be removed and replaced by other means of contraception.

In case of organic pathology (injury or disease is found), the hormonal or surgical treatment will be.

This article is originally written by , a doctor of sports physician, internal medicine and infectious diseases.
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Friday, 3 January 2014

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How to Choose a Vitamin Supplement?

Choosing a vitamin supplement are good for health. Yes, but why and under what conditions you need to take vitamin supplements? Here is a brief overview on what to check for before choosing a vitamin supplement.

The recommended daily intake of vitamins

The recommended daily intake is the amount of vitamins that is recommended to be consume every day. Higher quantities of vitamins taken then required by body, will pass unabsorbed. The process of digestion and assimilation is indeed not always perfect. In a dietary supplement, it is important to verify that the vitamin supplements  give you exactly the recommended daily intake.
Indeed, if the dietary supplement contains more than these contributions, your body does not absorb and benefit will be nil. For some,vitamins that can accumulate in the body (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), can become very  dangerous. Conversely, if the intake is lower, you may not achieve the desired result.
Vitamins (Photo credit: DBduo Photography)

Is There Anything other than vitamins in my vitamins?

Like any capsule or tablet, the food supplements containing vitamins and also contains other substances. This is known as excipients: materials that are there to bring the tablet its shape and physical properties - such as the fact that it can be dissolved. Normally, the Vitamin C has no effect on the health, but there are exceptions. Some excipients are allergens, likely to react with those who are susceptible. If you are allergic, it is  always take a better look at the ingredients in dietary supplements you use.

Your vitamins, natural or synthetic?

The vast majority of vitamins contained in supplements food are not taken from our food, but are artificially synthesized. This fact may put some people off, while the  substances have exactly the same properties. If you really want to consume natural vitamins, specify it to your pharmacist, or buy them in health food stores.

Do you really need a vitamin supplement ?

This is of course the question to ask before buying the supplement. Indeed,  the benefits of vitamins are proven, and is mainly consumed through the  foods that contain them.Also  the food supplements, they have less proven benefits, while risks attach to excessive use. This is why vitamins as supplements are not recommended for everyone, but are only for certain people at risk of deficiency,such as:
  • Pregnant women, for whom the need is high and is sometimes difficult to cover it by food. Attention: pregnant women should consult with their doctor, especially those who are looking for a specific vitamin supplementation.
  • People who follow a diet may decrease the need to intake  vitamin supplements..
  • People who are allergic to many fruits and / or vegetables.
This article is originally written by Lives in India.
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