Friday, 9 May 2014

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Different Types Of Psychotherapy

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Some doctors referencing dozen types of psychotherapy. However, there is considerable overlap and commonalities between these different psychotherapies. We can distinguish seven large families.
  1. Hypnosis

  2. This is the first chronologically speaking. Its traditional form involves the induction of a deep hypnotic state, i.e. close to the trance sleep; the patient may then hear the suggestions of the therapist. Hypnosis is performed using a light hypnotic state and direct suggestions.
  3. Psychoanalysis and analytic therapies

  4. Psychoanalysis was created by Sigmund Freud around 1895. Since then, various forms and analytic theories came complete, modify Freudian theory. They have, however, common to focus on the phenomena unconscious intrapsychic conflicts, the importance of childhood and its stages in the development of the adult. In practice, the body is not handled and therapy is the word.

  5. Therapies and emotional Psycho corporal

  6. This family is descended from psychoanalysis, from the work of W. Reich. A former student of Freud, he later developed his own method. The emphasis is here on the body. Behaviors and muscle tension being synonymous with psychic tensions. However, even if the focus is on the body, a certain basic psychoanalytic been kept and word plays an important role.

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  7. Existential therapies

  8. They come from phenomenology and existential philosophy. These therapies are close to psychoanalysis. They are moving away from the fact that the emphasis is on the present and not the past, the more conscious and unconscious phenomena and values, rather than on the mechanisms that underlie them. These therapies for common ground to prefer proved that is to say, lived in the explanations or interpretations. They claim to enable proper "growth" of the individual.

  9. Cognitive-behavioral

  10. Cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT form a branch very different. Originally, these therapies were based on computer modeling. The man was then seen as a great computer with several programs. These therapies are now based on learning theories and findings of experiences neuropsychologies. Unlike psychoanalysis, CBT does not aim to change the whole person but above all seek the removal of troublesome symptoms for the patient.

  11. Relaxation

  12. It promotes body relaxation to help unlock some psychic tensions. It does not attempt to solve a particular problem, but aims to reduce the overall state of tension the patient's body. For more information on the subject, do not hesitate to consult our section devoted to relaxation.

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  13. Therapies for communication

  14. These differ from other psychotherapies their practice and theory. All are focused on the relational aspect among several individuals (most often taken as a dynamic set) and communication. These types of psychotherapy focus on the distortions and mechanisms that disrupt interpersonal relationships. They work on these phenomena and how, rather than on why.


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